Hot stage extrusion of p-amino salicylic acid with EC using CO2 as a temporary plasticizer
Verreck, Geert × Decorte, Annelies Heymans, Koen Adriaensen, Jef Liu, Dehua Tomasko, David Arien, Albertina Peeters, J Van den Mooter, Guy Brewster, Marcus E #
International journal of pharmaceutics vol:327 issue:1-2 pages:45-50
The aim of the current research project was to explore the possibilities of combining pressurized carbon dioxide with hot stage extrusion during manufacturing of solid dispersions of the thermally labile p-aminosalicylic acid (p-ASA) and ethylcellulose 20cps (EC 20cps) and to evaluate the ability of the pressurized gas to act as a temporary plasticizer. The thermal stability of the p-ASA was investigated using DSC, TGA and HPLC. The compound decomposes completely upon melting. Below 110 degrees C and under atmospheric conditions, the compound is thermally stabile for 10min. Pressurized carbon dioxide was injected into a Leistritz Micro 18 intermeshing co-rotating twin-screw melt extruder using an ISCO 260D syringe pump. Carbon dioxide acted as plasticizer for p-ASA/EC 20cps, reducing the processing temperature during the hot stage extrusion process. HPLC showed that without carbon dioxide injection, approximately 17% of p-ASA degraded, while less than 5% degraded with CO(2) injection. The experiments clearly showed that injecting pressurized carbon dioxide broadens the application of hot stage extrusion to thermally labile compounds in a one step process.