International Journal of Radiation Applications and Instrumentation B, Nuclear Medicine and Biology vol:17 issue:5 pages:499-506
To study the differences in biological behaviour between the four stereoisomers of 99mTc-CO2-DADS we synthesized both the L- and D-isomer of N,N'-bis-(benzoylmercaptoacetyl)-2,3-diaminopropanoic acid ethyl ester. The N2S2 ligands were labelled with 99mTc by the dithionite reduction method in alkaline medium to hydrolyze the ester function. Each isomer yielded two diastereomeric 99mTc-complexes, that were separated by RP-HPLC to finally obtain the four isomers of 99mTc-CO2-DADS. The biodistribution of the isomers was determined in mice and a baboon. The study in mice indicates that only the LB-isomer is responsible for the high liver uptake reported for (DL)-99mTc-CO2-DADS-B (Fritzberg et al. J. Nucl. Med. 23, 592-598, 1982). The rate of renal extraction and hepatobiliary excretion of the three other isomers is comparable to that of [131I]o-I-hippurate. Baboon renograms for the LA- and DA-isomers are similar to that of [123I]o-I-hippurate. The renogram of the DB-isomer resembles more the 99mTc-DTPA renogram, whereas the LB-isomer exhibits a 99mTc-DMSA-like renal build-up. It appears that minor configurational changes can drastically alter the renal handling of these bisamide bisthiol 99mTc-tracer agents.