Each dental adhesive contains a specific functional monomer that determines its actual adhesive performance to tooth tissue. 4-methacryloxyethyl trimellitic acid (4-MET) is well-known as one of the functional monomers mostly available and consequently widely used in commercial adhesives. We therefore characterized the chemical - interaction of 4-MET with hydroxy-apatite (HAp) using X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS). XPS revealed that the peak representing -COO- of 4-MET shifted to a lower binding energy, when 4-MET was adsorbed onto HAp. Deconvolution of this shifted peak disclosed two components with a peak representing unreacted carboxyl groups and ester groups, and a peak suggesting chemical bonding of other carboxyl groups to Ca of HAp. XPS spectra of HAp treated with 4-MET also disclosed the surface to be enriched in calcium and decreased in phosphorus, indicating that phosphorus was extracted at a, relatively higher rate than calcium. It can thus be concluded that true chemical bonding of 4-MET with calcium present in HAp occurred, as it was proven using XPS.