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Title: Association of perceived stigma and mood and anxiety disorders: results from the World Mental Health Surveys
Authors: Alonso, J ×
Buron, A
Bruffaerts, Ronny
Posada-Villa, J
Lepine, J-P
Angermeyer, M C
Levinson, D
de Girolamo, G
Tachimori, H
Mneimneh, Z N
Medina-Mora, M E
Ormel, J
Scott, K M
Gureje, O
Haro, J M
Gluzman, S
Lee, S
Vilagut, G
Kessler, R C
Von Korff, M #
Issue Date: Oct-2008
Publisher: Munksgaard
Series Title: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica vol:118 issue:4 pages:305-314
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: We assessed the prevalence of perceived stigma among persons with mental disorders and chronic physical conditions in an international study. METHOD: Perceived stigma (reporting health-related embarrassment and discrimination) was assessed among adults reporting significant disability. Mental disorders were assessed with Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI) 3.0. Chronic conditions were ascertained by self-report. Household-residing adults (80,737) participated in 17 population surveys in 16 countries. RESULTS: Perceived stigma was present in 13.5% (22.1% in developing and 11.7% in developed countries). Suffering from a depressive or an anxiety disorder (vs. no mental disorder) was associated with about a twofold increase in the likelihood of stigma, while comorbid depression and anxiety was even more strongly associated (OR 3.4, 95%CI 2.7-4.2). Chronic physical conditions showed a much lower association. CONCLUSION: Perceived stigma is frequent and strongly associated with mental disorders worldwide. Efforts to alleviate stigma among individuals with comorbid depression and anxiety are needed.
URI: 
ISSN: 0001-690X
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Research Group Psychiatry
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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