Review of scientific instruments vol:78 issue:11 pages:1-10
An acoustical transmission method is proposed for measuring permeability of porous materials having rigid frame. Permeability is one of the several parameters required by acoustical theory to characterize porous materials such as plastic foams and fibrous or granular materials. The proposed method is based on a temporal model of the direct and inverse scattering problem for the diffusion of transient low frequency waves in a homogeneous isotropic slab of porous material having a rigid frame. This time domain model of wave propagation was initially introduced by the authors [Z.E.A Fellah and C. Depollier, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 107, 683 (2000)]. The viscous losses of the medium are described by the model devised by Johnson [J. Fluid. Mech. 176, 379 (1987)]. Reflection and transmission scattering operators for a slab of porous material are derived from the responses of the medium to an incident acoustic pulse. The permeability is determined from the expressions of these operators. Experimental and numerical validation results of this method are presented. This method has the advantage of being simple, rapid, and efficient. (c) 2007 American Institute of Physics.