The present paper outlines a modeling approach, which has been developed to model the internal dynamics of heat and moisture transfer in an imperfectly mixed ventilated airspace. The modeling approach, which combines the classical heat and moisture balance differential equations with the use of experimental time-series data, provides a physically meaningful description of the process and is very useful for model-based control purposes. The paper illustrates how the modeling approach has been applied to a ventilated laboratory test room with internal heat and moisture production. The results are evaluated and some valuable suggestions for future research are forwarded. PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS: The modeling approach outlined in this study provides an ideal form for advanced model-based control system design. The relatively low number of parameters makes it well suited for model-based control purposes, as a limited number of identification experiments is sufficient to determine these parameters. The model concept provides information about the air quality and airflow pattern in an arbitrary building. By using this model as a simulation tool, the indoor air quality and airflow pattern can be optimized.