Association between intrapulmonary arterial Doppler parameters and degree of lung growth as measured by lung-to-head ratio in fetuses with congenital diaphragmatic hernia
Moreno-Alvarez, O × Hernandez-Andrade, E Oros, D Jani, J Deprest, Jan Gratacos, E #
Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology vol:31 issue:2 pages:164-70
OBJECTIVES: To describe the association between the intrapulmonary circulation and the degree of lung growth in fetuses with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). METHODS: Thirty-six fetuses with isolated left CDH at 22-29 weeks of gestation were studied. Four groups were defined according to lung-to-head ratio (LHR), expressed as the ratio of observed to expected LHR for gestational age (O/E LHR). Pulsatility index (PI), peak systolic velocity (PSV), peak early-diastolic reversed flow (PEDRF), end-diastolic velocity (EDV), acceleration time (AT), time averaged velocity (TAV) and the ratio AT to ejection time (AT/ET) were measured in all fetuses in the proximal arterial branch of both lungs. For analysis, Doppler values were converted to Z-scores. RESULTS: It was possible to record all Doppler parameters from the contralateral lung of all CDH fetuses, and from the ipsilateral lung in 28 (77.7%). PEDRF significantly increased in relation to the decrease in O/E LHR in both lungs (contralateral: r = - 0.65, P = 0.01; ipsilateral: r = - 0.43, P = 0.02). PI increased significantly with the reduction in O/E LHR but only on the side contralateral to the hernia (r = - 0.55, P = 0.02). In the ipsilateral pulmonary artery, PI values showed a significant overall increase but no differences were observed among the O/E LHR groups. PSV, EDV and TAV were reduced in both lungs with respect to normal values, but no association was found with the O/E LHR. No changes in AT or AT/ET were observed in either lung. CONCLUSIONS: PEDRF is quick and easy to calculate, and showed the strongest and most consistent correlation with O/E LHR. The association between PEDRF and LHR might be an additional parameter that could help to establish prognosis in fetuses with CDH.