Journal of Chromatography A vol:1012 issue:1 pages:11-29
The European Pharmacopoeia (Ph. Eur.) and other official compendia give only a general description of the stationary phase in the description of a liquid chromatographic method. Therefore the selection of a column giving suitable selectivity presents difficulties. Earlier, a test procedure was proposed that allows to measure 36 chromatographic parameters which have been described for characterising stationary phases. This procedure was carried out on 69 reversed-phase liquid chromatography (RP-LC) columns. This paper focuses on the classification of RP-LC stationary phases based on chromatographic parameters. A chemometric study was conducted using 24 parameters that could be measured in a repeatable and reproducible way. Principal component analysis was used to classify the columns and to estimate the minimal number of parameters necessary for a rational classification. It is shown that after reducing the number of parameters from 24 to four or three, similar classifications were obtained. The column classifications were compared to the European Pharmacopoeia stationary phase description and to the column properties obtained from the manufacturers.