European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences vol:30 issue:3-4 pages:288-294
Kollicoat IR((R)), a new pharmaceutical excipient developed as a coating polymer for instant release tablets, was evaluated as a carrier in solid dispersions of Itraconazole. The solid dispersions were prepared by hot stage extrusion. Modulated temperature differential scanning calorimetry and X-ray powder diffraction were used to evaluate the miscibility of the drug and the carrier. The pharmaceutical performance was evaluated by dissolution experiments, performed in simulated gastric fluid without pepsin (SGF(sp)). In the X-ray diffractograms no Itraconazole peaks were visible; the polymer on the other hand appeared to be semi-crystalline. Moreover, its crystallinity increased during the extrusion process due to exposure to heat and shear forces. Modulated temperature differential scanning calorimetry analysis showed that the drug and the polymer formed a two phase system. Separate clusters of glassy Itraconazole were present for drug loads of 40% or higher, indicating further phase separation. Dissolution measurements demonstrated a significantly increased dissolution rate for the solid dispersions compared to physical mixtures. Interestingly the physical mixture made up of glassy Itraconazole and Kollicoat IR((R)) (20/80, w/w) showed a dissolution rate and maximum that was much higher than that of the physical mixture made up of crystalline Itraconazole and that of pure glassy Itraconazole. The results of this study show that Kollicoat IR((R)) is a promising excipient for the formulation of solid dispersions of Itraconazole prepared by hot stage extrusion.