Title: Platelet activation and high tissue factor level predict acute stent thrombosis in pig coronary arteries: prothrombogenic response of drug-eluting or bare stent implantation within the first 24 hours
Authors: Gyöngyösi, Mariann ×
Strehblow, Christoph
Sperker, Wolfgang
Hevesi, Akos
Garamvölgyi, Rita
Petrási, Zsolt
Pavo, Noemi
Ferdinandy, Péter
Csonka, Csaba
Csont, Tamås
Sylvèn, Christer
Declerck, Paul
Pavo, Imre
Wojta, Johann
Glogar, Dietmar
Huber, Kurt #
Issue Date: Aug-2006
Series Title: Thrombosis and haemostasis vol:96 issue:2 pages:202-9
Abstract: Increased thrombogenicity of drug-eluting stents (DESs) has recently been reported. The aim of the present study was to investigate the prothrombogenic effect of DESs and Bare stents, and determine factors predictive of acute stent thrombosis (AST) in preclinical experiments using new stent design or coating. Circulating pre- and post-stenting parameters of platelet activation (mean platelet volume, MPV; platelet distribution width, platelet large cell ratio), thrombin activation (thrombin-antithrombin complex, TAT and prothrombin fragments, F1+2), tissue factor antigen (TF-ag) and -activity (TF-act) and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) were measured in 141 consecutive pigs. Stent implantations were performed after pretreatment with aspirin and clopidogrel with unfractionated heparin anticoagulation. Nineteen pigs (groups AST-DES, n = 12; and AST-Bare, n = 7) died mean 6.3 +/- 2.9 h after stent implantation from AST. The remaining 122 control (C) pigs (groups C-DES, n = 76, and C-Bare, n = 46) survived the 1-month follow-up. Non-significantly elevated levels of post-stent F1+2 and TAT were measured in AST groups. Post-stenting MPV was increased significantly in the groups ASTDES and AST-Bare as compared with the groups C-DES and C-Bare (11.73 +/- 1.12 and 11.6 +/- 0.68 vs. 8.85 +/- 0.78 and 9.04 +/- 0.81 fL; p < 0.001), similarly to TF-ag (189.1 +/- 87.5 and 127 +/- 34.9 vs. 42.5 +/- 24.6 and 35.3 +/- 37.6 pg/ml; p < 0.001, respectively), Tfact (3.23 +/- 0.95 and 2.73 +/- 1.68 vs. 1.43 +/- 1.12 and 1.61 +/- 1.31 pM; p < 0.01, respectively) and PAI-1 (99.1 +/- 15.8 and 99 +/- 14.7 vs.53.4 +/- 40.2 and 46.9 +/- 42.4 ng/ml;p < 0.01, respectively). Multivariate analysis revealed elevated post-stenting plasma levels of TF-ag (p = 0.016) and MPV (p = 0.001) as independent risk factors for developing AST within the first 24 h in a porcine coronary stent model.
ISSN: 0340-6245
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Laboratory for Pharmaceutical Biology (-)
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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