A method for the quantitative analysis of colistin sulfate by capillary zone electrophoresis is described. Since colistin components have five free amino groups, they tend to adsorb onto the capillary wall and cause peak tailing. It was found that triethanolamine (TEA)-phosphate buffer at pH 2.5 was useful to reduce such adsorption. Methyl-beta-cyclodextrin (M-beta-CD) and 2-propanol (IPA) were found necessary for selectivity enhancement. In order to optimize the separation parameters and predict the method robustness, a central composite design was performed including three variables, namely concentration of M-beta-CD, TEA, and IPA. The effects of capillary length and applied voltage on separation were also investigated. The optimal conditions established were: 140 mM TEA-phosphate buffer containing 5 mM M-beta-CD and 6% v/v IPA, a capillary with 55 cm total length (50 microm inner diameter, 47 cm from inlet to detection window) and 24 kV applied voltage. The method was found to be robust when the variables were changed in the following range: 4-6 mM M-beta-CD, 5-7% v/v IPA, and 130-150 mM TEA. Further, the linearity, limit of detection (LOD), and limit of quantitation (LOQ), as well as repeatability for both colistin A and B were examined and three commercial samples were quantitatively analyzed.