Title: Experimental observations and finite element modelling of damage initiation and evolution in carbon/epoxy non-crimp fabric composites
Authors: Mikhaluk, D.S. ×
Truong, T.C.
Borovkov, A.I.
Lomov, Stepan Vladimirovitch
Verpoest, Ignace #
Issue Date: Jun-2008
Publisher: Pergamon-elsevier science ltd
Series Title: Engineering fracture mechanics vol:75 issue:9 pages:2751-2766
Abstract: Damage in carbon/epoxy non-crimp stitched fabric (NCF) reinforced composites, produced by the resin transfer moulding (RTM) process is described. Formation of the stitching loop results in a certain disturbance of the uniform placement of the fibres. These deviations in fibre placement produce resin-rich zones that can influence the mechanical behaviour of the composite part. Tensile tests on quadriaxial (45 degrees/900-45/0 degrees)(s) laminates are performed accompanied by acoustic emission (AE) registration and X-ray imaging. Early initiation of damage (matrix cracking) in plies with different fibre orientation has been detected. Damage sites correlate with the resin-rich zones created by the stitching. Finite clement (FE) analysis is carried out to develop a model that describes damage of the NCF composites. Numerical multi-level FE homogenization is performed to obtain effective elastic orthotropic properties of NCF composite at micro (unit Cell of unidirectional tow) and meso (fabric unit cell) levels. A hierarchical sequence of FE models of different scales is created to analyze in detail the 3D stress state of the NCF composite (meso unit cell). A multi-level submodeling approach is applied during FE analysis. Zones of matrix-dominated damage are predicted. A comparison of non-destructive testing results with computational model is performed. Fracture mechanics parameters of matrix crack are computed and cracks growth stability is Studied. Q 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0013-7944
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Mechanical Metallurgy Section (-)
Department of Materials Engineering - miscellaneous
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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