Elsevier on behalf of the Federation of European Biochemical Societies
FEBS Letters vol:582 issue:10 pages:1425-1430
A lens epithelium-derived growth factor (LEDGF)/p75 peptide was evaluated for human immunodeficiency virus type 1 integrase (IN) inhibitory activity. The LEDGF/p75 peptide modestly inhibited IN catalysis and was dependent on IN-DNA assembly. The peptide was also effective at disrupting LEDGF/p75-IN complex formation. We next investigated the activity of the LEDGF/p75 peptide on IN mutant proteins that are unable to catalyze the DNA strand transfer reaction. The LEDGF/p75 peptide displayed an increased potency on these IN proteins, from 5-fold to greater than 10-fold, indicating the IN multimeric state greatly influences the peptide inhibitory effects. These results shed light on IN-DNA multimeric formation, and how this process influences the LEDGF/p75-IN interaction.