The comparative antiarrhythmic efficacy of three different intravenous drug regimens was evaluated in 12 symptomatic patients (mean age: 72 years) with chronic high frequency ventricular arrhythmias (mean: 834 PVCs h-1). In a cross-over study with latin square distribution the following drug regimens were administered intravenously to all patients aprindine 2 mg kg-1, sotalol 1.5 mg kg-1, aprindine 1 mg kg-1 & sotalol 0.75 mg kg-1. The mean percentage of PVC reduction was 41% (P less than 0.05) for aprindine 2 mg kg-1; 51% (P less than 0.05) for sotalol 1.5 mg kg-1 and 72% (P less than 0.01) for the combined drug therapy (aprindine 1 mg kg-1 and sotalol 0.75 mg kg-1). The mean plasma concentration was 1371 ng ml-1 after administration of aprindine 2 mg kg-1 and 1730 ng ml-1 after infusion of sotalol 1.5 mg kg-1. After combined drug therapy, mean plasma levels were 942 ng ml-1 for aprindine and 992 ng ml-1 for sotalol. The different drug regimens were well tolerated in all patients and no side-effects occurred. Combination therapy consisting of a drug that prolongs action potential duration with an antiarrhythmic agent that has a high affinity for the inactivated channels may thus achieve an antiarrhythmic efficacy comparable to single agent therapy, permitting the use of lower dosages.