Nucleic acids research vol:33 issue:12 pages:3828-36
DNA polymerases from different evolutionary families [Vent (exo-) DNA polymerase from the B-family polymerases, Taq DNA polymerase from the A-family polymerases and HIV reverse transcriptase from the reverse transcriptase family] were examined for their ability to incorporate the sugar-modified cyclohexenyl nucleoside triphosphates. All enzymes were able to use the cyclohexenyl nucleotides as a substrate. Using Vent (exo-) DNA polymerase and HIV reverse transcriptase, we were even able to incorporate seven consecutive cyclohexenyl nucleotides. Using a cyclohexenyl nucleic acid (CeNA) template, all enzymes tested were also able to synthesize a short DNA fragment. Since the DNA-dependent CeNA polymerization and the CeNA-dependent DNA polymerization is possible to a limited extend, we suggest CeNA as an ideal candidate to use in directed evolution methods for the development of a polymerase capable of replicating CeNA.