European journal of nuclear medicine vol:23 issue:4 pages:365-70
Technetium-99m L,L-ethylenedicysteine (99mTc-L,L-EC) is a new renal tubular tracer that allows the determination of the effective renal plasma flow (ERPF). The aim of this study was to derive simplified methods for the estimation of 99mTc-L,L-EC clearance using one or two plasma samples after bolus injection. Fifty-nine multiple plasma dual-tracer samples (nine samples from 5 to 120 min after injection) were obtained after injection of kit-formulated 99mTc-L,L-EC and iodine-125 orthoiodohippurate (OIH). The studies were performed in 25 stable and 24 unstable transplant recipients, in five patients with renal insufficiency (four on chronic haemodialysis) and in five normal volunteers. This allowed a wide range of renal function values to be covered, with ERPF (estimated by OIH clearance) ranging from 25.4 to 604.0 ml/min. The reference 99mTc-L,L-EC clearance, as calculated from the multisample model, could be estimated from two samples at 15 and 90 min with an error of 11.3 ml/min and from one sample at 90 min with an error of 17.8 ml/min. Using appropriate linear regression analysis, ERPF could be estimated by the two- and one-sample 99mTc-L,L-EC clearance with an error of 24.2 and 22.8 ml/min, respectively. In conclusion, 99mTc-L,L-EC clearance can be accurately estimated by simplified one- or two-sample methods. Moreover, these methods can be used to estimate ERPF with an error that remains acceptable for clinical purposes.