Title: Bone turnover in prolonged critical illness: effect of vitamin D
Authors: Van den Berghe, Greet ×
Van Roosbroeck, David
Vanhove, Philippe
Wouters, Pieter
De Pourcq, Lutgart
Bouillon, Roger #
Issue Date: Oct-2003
Publisher: Issued for the Endocrine Society by the Williams & Wilkins Co.
Series Title: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism vol:88 issue:10 pages:4623-32
Abstract: In prolonged critical illness, increased bone resorption and osteoblast dysfunction have been reported facing low 25 hydroxy vitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations. The current study investigates the extent to which lack of nutritional vitamin D and time in intensive care contribute to bone loss in the critically ill. Prolonged critically ill patients (n = 22) were compared with matched controls and then randomized to daily vitamin D supplement of either +/- 200 IU (low dose) or +/- 500 IU (high dose). At intensive care admission, serum concentrations of 25(OH)D, 1,25 dihydroxyvitamin D(3), vitamin D-binding protein, ionized calcium, IL-1, and soluble IL-6-receptor were low, and PTH was normal. Circulating type-I collagen propeptides were high, alkaline phosphatase was normal, and osteocalcin was low. Bone resorption markers [(carboxy terminal cross-linked telopeptide of type I collagen (betaCTX), pyridinoline, deoxypyridinoline (DPD)] were 6-fold increased. Serum C-reactive protein (CRP) was 40-fold, IL-6 400-fold, TNFalpha levels 5-fold, and osteoprotegerin concentrations 3-fold higher than in controls. Soluble receptor activator of nuclear factor kappaB ligand was undetectable. High-dose vitamin D only slightly increased circulating 25 hydroxy vitamin D (P < 0.05), but 1,25 dihydroxyvitamin D(3) was unaltered. High-dose vitamin D slightly increased serum osteocalcin (P < 0.05) and decreased carboxy terminal propeptide type-I collagen (P < 0.05) but did not affect other bone turnover markers. Bone-specific alkaline phosphatase, urinary pyridinoline and DPD, and serum betaCTX markedly increased with time (P < 0.01). Circulating CRP and IL-6 decreased with time, whereas TNFalpha and IL-1 remained unaltered. The fall in CRP and IL-6 was more pronounced with the high- than low-dose vitamin D (P < 0.05). Except for a mirroring of betaCTX rise by a fall in osteoprotegerin, cytokines were unrelated to the progressively aggravating bone resorption. In conclusion, prolonged critically ill patients were vitamin D deficient. The currently recommended vitamin D dose did not normalize vitamin D status. Furthermore, severe bone hyperresorption further aggravated (up to 15-fold the normal values) with time in intensive care and was associated with impaired osteoblast function.
ISSN: 0021-972X
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Laboratory of Intensive Care Medicine
Clinical and Experimental Endocrinology
Research Centre for Clinical Pharmacy (-)
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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