Title: Identification and characterization of eukaryotic initiation factor 5A-2
Authors: Clement, Paul ×
Henderson, C Allen
Jenkins, Zandra A
Smit-McBride, Zeljka
Wolff, Edith C
Hershey, John W B
Park, Myung Hee
Johansson, Hans E #
Issue Date: Nov-2003
Series Title: European Journal of Biochemistry vol:270 issue:21 pages:4254-4263
Abstract: The phylogenetically conserved eukaryotic translation initiation factor 5A (eIF5A) is the only known cellular protein to contain the post-translationally derived amino acid hypusine [Nepsilon-(4-amino-2-hydroxybutyl)lysine]. Both eIF5A and its hypusine modification are essential for sustained cell proliferation. Normally only one eIF5A protein is expressed in human cells. Recently, we identified a second human EIF5A gene that would encode an isoform (eIF5A-2) of 84% sequence identity. Overexpression of eIF5A-2 mRNA in certain human cancer cells, in contrast to weak normal expression limited to human testis and brain, suggests EIF5A2 as a potential oncogene. However, eIF5A-2 protein has not been described in human or mammalian cells heretofore. Here, we describe the identification of eIF5A-2 protein in human colorectal and ovarian cancer lines, SW-480 and UACC-1598, that overexpress eIF5A-2 mRNAs. Functional characterization of the human isoforms revealed that either human EIF5A gene can complement growth of a yeast strain in which the yeast EIF5A genes were disrupted. This indicates functional similarity of the human isoforms in yeast and suggests that eIF5A-2 has an important role in eukaryotic cell survival similar to that of the ubiquitous eIF5A-1. Detectable structural differences were also noted, including lack of immunological cross-reactivity, formation of different complexes with deoxyhypusine synthase, and Km values (1.5 +/- 0.2 vs. 8.3 +/- 1.4 microm for eIF5A-1 and -2, respectively) as substrates for deoxyhypusine synthase in vitro. These physical characteristics and distinct amino acid sequences in the C-terminal domain together with differences in gene expression patterns imply differentiated, tissue-specific functions of the eIF5A-2 isoform in the mammalian organism and in cancer.
ISSN: 0014-2956
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Laboratory of Experimental Oncology
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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