Ribavirin antagonizes inhibitory effects of pyrimidine 2',3'-dideoxynucleosides but enhances inhibitory effects of purine 2',3'-dideoxynucleosides on replication of human immunodeficiency virus in vitro
Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy vol:31 issue:10 pages:1613-1617
The combined antiviral effects of various 2',3'-dideoxynucleosides and ribavirin on the replication of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 in MT-4 cells have been examined. Ribavirin antagonized the antiviral activity of the pyrimidine 2',3'-dideoxynucleosides (3'-azido-2',3'-dideoxythymidine, 2',3'-dideoxythymidin-2'-ene, 2',3'-dideoxycytidine, and 2',3'-dideoxycytidin-2'-ene), but enhanced the antiviral activity of the purine 2',3'-dideoxynucleosides (2',3'-dideoxyadenosine and 2',3'-dideoxyguanosine). Combinations of the 2',3'-dideoxynucleosides with each other were also examined. These combinations resulted in an additive to subsynergistic effect.