Pharmaceutical development and technology vol:7 issue:4 pages:471-80
The purpose of this work was to develop a release-delaying coat for drug-layered fish pellets, in order to prevent a premature release of the drug in the tank water but allowing a rapid release after uptake by the fish. Blank pellets were prepared in a rotary processor and drug layered in a Wurster coater with bovine serum albumin or riboflavin using hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose (HPMC) as a binder. On the drug-loaded pellets, different mixtures of ethyl cellulose (EC) and HPMC were applied as the release-delaying coat. The aim was to obtain less than 10% drug release during the first 10 min followed by a fast release after the "lag" period, resulting in a sigmoidal release profile. In order to prevent coat bursts it was necessary to increase the amount of plasticizer from 20 to 40% triethylcitrate. To have a complete coat around the pellets, the thickness of the coat (amount EC) was important up to a certain level. The EC/HPMC ratio had a decisive influence on optimizing the permeability of the coating and realizing a sigmoidal release profile. The release rate was studied as a function of several formulation variables and physicochemical parameters (salinity, pH, and temperature) of the dissolution medium as the coating system is intended for different fish species. Salinity of the water proved to be important as well as the temperature. The developed system seems to be promising for a lot of ichthyologic applications, although it has to be evaluated for each intended drug, keeping in mind the properties of the particles to be coated, the fish species, and the environment.