Recent developments in the use of capillary electrophoretic techniques for the in-line study of enzyme reactions and derivatization protocols are reviewed. The article is divided into two parts: (i) in-line enzyme reactions and (ii) in-line derivatization. The first part introduces electrophoretically mediated microanalysis (EMMA) and discusses and illustrates the different modes of EMMA. A literature overview is provided, starting from 1996, and the investigated enzymes are classified into two tables based on the mode of engagement (i.e., continuous or transient) of the developed EMMA-based assay. The second part starts with an introduction of the procedures and the nomenclature used in the area of in-line derivatization protocols based on EMMA. Reported derivatization procedures are discussed and classified in tables, according to the functional group that is derivatized.