Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences vol:794 issue:2 pages:293-302
Gels containing a combination of erythromycin and benzoylperoxide are frequently used in the treatment of acne vulgaris. A method was developed to determine the content of both erythromycin and benzoylperoxide in these gels. Erythromycin was extracted from the gel in conditions where the oxidative power of benzoylperoxide was neutralised by addition of ascorbic acid and this extract was analysed on an Xterra RP(18) column, with a mobile phase containing acetonitrile-0.2 M K2HPO4-water (35:5:60, v/v/v). The detection wavelength was 215 nm. A second extraction procedure was developed for the analysis of benzoylperoxide. The extraction solution was analysed on a Hypersil C(18) BDS column and a mobile phase containing acetonitrile-water (58:42, v/v). Detection was performed at 254 nm. The flow rate was 1.0 ml/min in both methods. The selectivity, repeatability, linearity and recovery of both methods were examined. Special attention was given to determination of the recovery and the uncertainty on the recovery. This allowed evaluation of the bias of the extraction method. The method developed was used to examine the stability of a gel for topical use.