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Title: Cognitive and behavioural effects of music-based exercises in patients with dementia
Authors: Van de Winckel, Ann ×
Feys, Hilde
De Weerdt, Willy
Dom, René #
Issue Date: May-2004
Series Title: Clinical Rehabilitation vol:18 issue:3 pages:253-260
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of a musical exercise programme on mood state and cognitive function in women with dementia. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Public Psychiatric Hospital Rekem, Belgium. PATIENTS: Twenty-five patients with dementia. INTERVENTIONS: Fifteen patients attended exercise training for three months, which consisted of daily physical exercises supported by music for 30 min/session. They were compared with a group of 10 control patients, who received an equal amount of attention through daily conversation. MAIN MEASURES: The effect on cognition was measured by the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and the Amsterdam Dementia Screening Test 6 (ADS 6). Behaviour was evaluated with the abbreviated Stockton Geriatric Rating Scale (BOP scale). The assessments were made before, after six weeks of intervention and immediately after the three-month experimental period. RESULTS: The exercise group showed a significant improvement in cognition. This was documented by an increased MMSE mean score of 12.87-15.53, and by a higher median score, rising from 10 to 14 points, on the subset 'fluency' (ADS 6 test). The control group showed no significant improvement, either on the MMSE (mean score of 10.80-11.00) or on the fluency subtest of the ADS 6 (median scores were 6.5-7 points). The effects on behavioural changes were not significant. CONCLUSION: The present study suggests a beneficial effect of cognition using a music-based exercise programme in a group of patients with moderate to severe dementia. Further studies are needed to confirm these findings.
URI: 
ISSN: 0269-2155
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Department of Rehabilitation Sciences - miscellaneous
Research Group for Neuromotor Rehabilitation
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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