Journal of plant research vol:117 issue:1 pages:57-68
The pollen morphology and distribution of orbicules were investigated in ten species of the genus Coptosapelta (Rubiaceae) using light, scanning electron and transmission electron microscopy. In general, Coptosapelta pollen is three- to five-pororate and suboblate to oblate-spheroidal. The sexine ornamentation varies from psilate to reticulate, and the pollen-wall stratification lacks columellae. 'Droplets' are observed on the inner nexine surface. Distinct orbicules are found in five species. Orbicules are often lobed and appear to be aggregated and embedded in the tapetal remnants of the locule wall. Ultrastructurally, a single, flattened core is frequently observed. Coptosapelta has a unique pollen type within Rubiaceae and does not resemble possibly related genera. Pollen characteristics provide additional evidence supporting earlier findings that Coptosapelta represents an isolated lineage in Rubiaceae.