Journal of applied physiology: respiratory, environmental and exercise physiology vol:53 issue:3 pages:576-81
The response of the systemic circulation to acute inhibition of the converting enzyme with 25 mg of oral Captopril (Squibb) was studied in six normal sodium-replete male volunteers at rest and during exercise, together with its effects on exercise capacity for graded uninterrupted exercise. In recumbent subjects at rest Captopril did not affect arterial pressure or heart rate, and plasma renin activity rose 2.5-fold (P less than 0.05). In subjects in the sitting position, at rest and during exercise until exhaustion, Captopril reduced mean brachial intra-arterial pressure by an average of 7 Torr in comparison to placebo (P less than 0.001). Captopril's hypotensive effect was caused by a reduction of systemic vascular resistance (P less than 0.01), without changes of cardiac output (measured by CO2 rebreathing), heart rate, or stroke volume. Plasma renin activity was significantly higher during Captopril (P less than 0.001). Peak oxygen uptake and exercise duration were the same after administration of Captopril or placebo. The data demonstrate that the renin-angiotensin system is not involved in the homeostasis of blood pressure in supine sodium-replete humans, but has a modest role in blood pressure regulation when posture is changed from supine to upright. The orthostatic effect of Captopril is maintained during upright exercise. Furthermore the reduction of systemic vascular resistance by Captopril does not affect peak oxygen uptake.