American journal of sports medicine vol:22 issue:6 pages:846-850
The ulnar variance in female gymnasts attending the World Championship Artistic Gymnastics Rotterdam 1987 was measured. There was a marked increase in the ulnar length in adult as well as immature gymnast compared with nonathletes. The changes in relative ulnar length were correlated to weight, height, and skeletal age of the athletes. In 10% of the gymnasts' wrists we noted so-called "stress-related changes" of the distal physis of the radius. Repetitive injury and compression of the wrist leads to a premature closure of the distal radial growth plate resulting in secondary ulnar overgrowth.