The long-term success of Brånemark implants has been previously reported. The success rate of the same implants, when associated with autologous grafts, seemed much less predictable. In the present study it is demonstrated that when these implants are installed in conjunction with an autologous corticocancellous hip graft, either onlay or inlay, the cumulative success rate remains at 95% for individual implants in non-smokers. The short extracorporal time might be an explanation. On the other hand, the same approach in patients with congenital defects or who underwent radiotherapy is deceptive. The use of hyperbaric oxygen may dramatically improve these results.