Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology vol:14 issue:2 pages:205-215
An experiment was carried out to investigate the myoelectrical manifestations of fatigue of the Biceps Brachii and Brachioradialis muscles in low-level (15% MVC) prolonged isometric and dynamic contractions. The range of the joint angle was 70-110 degrees and the mean speed of flexion and extension was about 33.33 degrees /s (1.2 s for 40 degrees ). The use of Wavelet transform (IMNF) in weakly stationary dynamic SEMG signals was validated in comparison with the Fourier transform (MPF). The development of fatigue and its myoelectrical manifestations (increase in RMS and decrease in mean frequency) in dynamic contractions show no deviations from what is found in literature for both spectral estimation techniques. The benefit of Wavelets is its future use in non-stationary conditions. Lower IMNF slopes in dynamic compared to isometric contractions for Biceps Brachii might be an indication that wavelets reflect more the changes in muscle fiber propagation velocity. The results of the use of Wavelet transform in detecting frequency modulations in different movement phases of the dynamic tests show that in the eccentric phase a systematic shift towards lower frequencies occurs. It also reveals the great possibilities of phase separation using Wavelets with high resolution and low interaction.