Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry vol:48 issue:6 pages:2017-2022
Endoxylanases seriously affect the rheological properties of durum wheat (Triticum durum Desf.) semolina spaghetti doughs prepared with, and as evaluated, by the farinograph. Under the experimental conditions, control doughs (34.9% moisture content) made from two semolinas (semA and semB) yielded a maximal consistency of 525 and 517 farinograph units (FU), with, respectively, 19.4 and 16.4% of the total level of arabinoxylans (TOT-AX) being water-extractable (WE-AX). When 75.4 Somogyi units/50 g of semolina of the endoxylanases from Trichoderma viride (XTV), rumen microorganisms (XRM), Bacillus subtilis (XBS), and Aspergillus niger (XAN) were used, the maximal consistencies at 34.9% moisture decreased for semA to 467, 436, 448, and 417 FU, respectively. This was accompanied by increased WE-AX contents of 60.8, 71.2, 70.7, and 73.0%, respectively. Similar results were observed for semB. By reducing the total water content of doughs, it was possible to recover the maximal consistency of the original doughs. Both the decrease in maximal consistency and the amount of water to be omitted were significantly related to the decrease in molecular weight (MW) of the WE-AX and the percentage of WE-AX solubilized as a result of the enzymic action. At the same time, it was clear that endogenous endoxylanase inhibitors were present in the durum wheat semolinas and that they inhibited the endoxylanases used to different degrees. Part of the differences in effects between the different endoxylanases (decrease in maximal consistency, amount of AX solubilized, MWs of the WE-AX, and amount of water that could be omitted) could be ascribed. to the differences in inhibition of the endoxylanases by endogenous inhibitors.