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Title: Influence of high-resistance and high-velocity training on sprint performance
Authors: Delecluse, Christophe ×
Van Coppenolle, H
Willems, Eustachus
Van Leemputte, Marc
Diels, Rudi
Goris, Marina #
Issue Date: Aug-1995
Publisher: American College of Sports Medicine
Series Title: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise vol:27 issue:8 pages:1203-9
Abstract: The purpose of this study is to analyze the effect of high-resistance (HR) and high-velocity (HV) training on the different phases of 100-m sprint performance. Two training groups (HR and HV) were compared with two control groups (RUN and PAS). The HR (N = 22) and HV group (N = 21) trained 3 d.wk-1 for 9 wk: two strength training sessions (HR or HV) and one running session. There was a run control group (RUN, N = 12) that also participated in the running sessions (1 d.wk-1) and a passive control group (PAS, N = 11). Running speed over a 100-m sprint was recorded every 2 m. By means of a principal component analysis on all speed variables, three phases were distinguished: initial acceleration (0-10 m), building-up running speed to a maximum (10-36 m), and maintaining maximum speed in the second part of the run (36-100 m). HV training resulted in improved initial acceleration (P < 0.05 compared with RUN, PAS, and HR), a higher maximum speed (P < 0.05 compared with PAS), and a decreased speed endurance (P < 0.05 compared to RUN and PAS). The HV group improved significantly in total 100 m time (P < 0.05 compared with the RUN and PAS groups). The HR program resulted in an improved initial acceleration phase (P < 0.05 compared with PAS).
ISSN: 0195-9131
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Department of Kinesiology - miscellaneous
Exercise Physiology Research Group
University Sports Centre
Studiegebied Onderwijs Odisee
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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