European journal of applied physiology and occupational physiology vol:55 issue:1 pages:24-9
The chronic effect of training on intraerythrocyte cationic concentrations and on red cell Na+,K+-ATPase pump activity was studied by comparing well-trained athletes with sedentary subjects at rest. Also the acute effect of a 50-min cross-country run on these erythrocyte measurements was studied in the athletes. At rest the intraerythrocyte potassium concentration was increased (P less than 0.01) in the athletes compared to that of the control subjects. The intraerythrocyte concentrations of sodium and magnesium and red cell Na+,K+-ATPase pump activity were, however, similar in the trained and the untrained subjects. As compared with the resting condition, the intraerythrocyte potassium concentration was decreased (P less than 0.05) after exercise in the athletes, and this was accompanied by a minor increase in the intraerythrocyte sodium concentration. Red cell Na+,K+-ATPase pump activity was slightly increased (P less than 0.05) after exercise.