Rethinking work and learning: Adult and vocational education for social sustainability pages:163-178
This chapter describes some of the main findings resulting from a research project which was set up in six European countries about the ‘activation’ of unemployed youth. The research analysed in depth the attempts in twelve cases to enhance the labour market participation of young people who encountered important problems to find a sustainable job. Finding a balance between biographical, social and instrumental competencies was found to be of major importance for socially sustainable projects. In this paper, we fur-ther analyse some of these findings against the backdrop of changing policy orientations in present day welfare states.