Title: Adaptations in arm movements for added mass to wrist or ankle during walking
Authors: Donker, S F ×
Mulder, Th
Nienhuis, B
Duysens, Jaak #
Issue Date: Sep-2002
Series Title: Experimental brain research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation cérébrale vol:146 issue:1 pages:26-31
Abstract: The aim of the present study was to answer the question whether adaptations to local perturbations are restricted to the perturbed limb or whether they induce a reorganization of all co-moving limbs. Specifically, we studied the adaptations in arm movements to mass perturbations in seven healthy adults during walking on a treadmill. Four different perturbation conditions were employed in random order (no perturbation, mass added to both wrists, to the right wrist, and to the right ankle). During each experimental condition ten different belt speeds (0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 2.5, 3.0, 3.5, 4.0, 4.5, 5.0 km/h) were successively offered, while the arm movements and the electromyographic activity of the musculus deltoid posterior and anterior were measured. The results indicated that cadence was not affected by adding mass to the wrist or ankle. However, adding mass to a wrist not only resulted in an increase in muscle activity and a decrease of movement amplitude of the perturbed arm, but also in alterations in the non-perturbed arm. Notably, adding mass to one ankle induced adaptive changes in both arms, in that both muscle activity and arm movement increased. The present results indicate that during walking the loading of one of the limbs induces a general reorganization, involving all participating bodily segments, presumably to maintain balance while providing rhythm constancy.
ISSN: 0014-4819
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Non-KU Leuven Association publications
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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