International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology vol:40 issue:12 pages:2802-2814
Based on its antiviral activity profile, cyanovirin-N (CV-N) holds great potential for anti-HIV microbicidal application. However, limited data are available on the possible side-effects of this lectin. A detailed investigation was carried out to obtain better insights in the cytotoxic, inflammatory and (anti)-proliferative properties of CV-N in comparison with several other plant-derived lectins. CV-N affected the cell morphology of PBMCs and enhanced the expression of the cellular activation markers CD25, CD69 and HLA-DR. PBMCs activated by CV-N were more susceptible for R5 HIV-1 infection. In addition, CV-N exerted a pronounced mitogenic activity and significantly enhanced in PBMCs the production of a wide variety of cytokines, as determined by the Bio-Plex human cytokine 27-plex array system. In comparison, other lectins obtained from Hippeastrum hybrid, Galanthus nivalis, and Urtica dioica-induced markedly less, if any, stimulatory effects. So, the use of CV-N may be accompanied by various stimulatory effects that may compromise its application for microbicidal use.