Journal of Neurophysiology vol:95 issue:3 pages:1864-1880
We used gratings and shapes defined by relative motion to study selectivity for static kinetic boundaries in macaque V4 neurons. Kinetic gratings were generated by random pixels moving in opposite directions in the neighboring bars, either parallel to the orientation of the boundary (parallel kinetic grating) or perpendicular to the boundary (orthogonal kinetic grating). Neurons were also tested with static, luminance defined gratings to establish cue invariance. In addition, we used eight shapes defined either by relative motion or by luminance contrast, as used previously to test cue invariance in the infero-temporal (IT) cortex. A sizeable fraction (10-20%) of the V4 neurons responded selectively to kinetic patterns. Most neurons selective for kinetic contours had receptive fields (RFs) within the central 10 degrees of the visual field. Neurons selective for the orientation of kinetic gratings were defined as having similar orientation preferences for the two types of kinetic gratings, and the vast majority of these neurons also retained the same orientation preference for luminance defined gratings. Also, kinetic shape selective neurons had similar shape preferences when the shape was defined by relative motion or by luminance contrast, showing a cue-invariant form processing in V4. Although shape selectivity was weaker in V4 than what has been reported in the IT cortex, cue invariance was similar in the two areas, suggesting that invariance for luminance and motion cues of IT originates in V4. The neurons selective for kinetic patterns tended to be clustered within dorsal V4.