Fifty primigravidae were investigated from 30 weeks of gestation until 6 months after delivery to assess the predictive value of individual coping style, conception time and specific psychological changes during pregnancy for the depression levels assessed during the third trimester of pregnancy and 5 days, 6 weeks and 6 months after delivery. The individual coping style is an effective predictor of depression levels during the third trimester of pregnancy and 6 months after delivery, but not for the depression levels 5 days and 6 weeks after delivery. A path analysis revealed that high depressive coping and low social support-seeking predict a longer conception time, which all predict a more important lack of spousal support during pregnancy. Higher depressive coping, a longer conception time and a more important lack of spousal support during pregnancy all predict high depression levels 6 months after delivery. The present findings thus suggest helpful predictors for the psychological adaptation during the transition to parenthood.