In 7 patients with a brain tumor and intracranial hypertension treated by ventriculosubcutaneous drainage, intracranial pressure and cerebral perfusion pressure were continuously monitored during induction of anesthesia with fentanyl 1.5 micrograms/kg, propofol 2.5 mg/kg and vecuronium 0.1 mg/kg. End-tidal pCO2 was kept constant by manual ventilation and arterial pCO2 was verified before induction and before and after intubation. Five minutes after induction the patients were intubated and measurements continued for five more minutes. Mean arterial pressure decreased from 102 (+/- 9.8) mmHg to 57 (+/- 11.6) mmHg (p less than 0.01). Intracranial pressure did not change significantly before intubation. However in two patients intracranial pressure increased before intubation due to a significant rise in arterial pCO2. In 4 of the 7 patients an important increase to 25 (+/- 4.6) mmHg in intracranial pressure was observed during intubation. Cerebral perfusion pressure decreased from 88 (+/- 4.6) to 45 (+/- 9.8) mmHg (p less than 0.01) before intubation, but did not differ from the baseline during and after intubation. It is concluded that propofol 2.5 mg/kg in a bolus injection does not increase ICP but can produce a significant decrease of the cerebral perfusion pressure due to a marked decrease in mean arterial pressure in patients with a brain tumor.