Title: Evaluative conditioning is intact after unilateral resection of the anterior temporal lobe in humans
Authors: Coppens, Evelien ×
Vansteenwegen, Debora
Baeyens, Frank
Vandenbulcke, Mathieu
Van Paesschen, Wim
Eelen, Paul #
Issue Date: Mar-2006
Series Title: Neuropsychologia vol:44 issue:5 pages:840-843
Abstract: Several lesion and functional imaging studies conducted in animals and humans suggest that structures within the amygdaloid nuclear complex (ANC) are important for the occurrence of fear conditioning. Whether this brain structure is also critical for evaluative conditioning, has been investigated less frequently. In the current experiment, a group of participants with unilateral resection of the anterior temporal lobe and a control group received a differential evaluative flavor-taste conditioning task. In the pre-acquisition phase, two fruit flavors (the conditioned stimuli (CSs)) were presented and participants were instructed to evaluate both. In the subsequent acquisition phase, one of these fruit flavors (CS+) was presented together with a bad tasting substance Tween20 (polysorbate 20, the US), while the other flavor (CS-) was never paired with Tween20. Finally, in the post-acquisition phase, the two flavors were presented again without Tween20 and participants were asked to evaluate both of them for a last time. The control group as well as the lesion group rated the CS+ in the post-acquisition phase less favorable than in the pre-acquisition phase, while the ratings of the CS- remained the same in both phases. We clearly demonstrated evaluative conditioning in both test groups. Because the lesion group had still one intact ANC it would be premature, however, to conclude that the ANC is not involved in evaluative conditioning. We conclude that despite evidence for impaired fear conditioning, unilateral damage to the ANC does not impair evaluative conditioning.
ISSN: 0028-3932
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Centre for Psychology of Learning and Experimental Psychopathology
Laboratory for Epilepsy Research
Research Group Experimental Neurology
Research Group Psychiatry
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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