Noonan-like phenotype in monozygotic twins with a duplication-deficiency of the long arm of chromosome 18 resulting from a maternal paracentric inversion
Courtens, W × Grossman, D Van Roy, N Messiaen, L Vamos, E Toppet, V Haumont, D Streydio, C Jauch, A Vermeesch, Joris Speleman, F #
Human Genetics vol:103 pages:497-505
We report on newborn monozygotic twins with a Noonan-like phenotype, and multiple congenital anomalies due to a monocentric recombinant chromosome 18. The mother carried a paracentric inversion of the long arm of chromosome 18, inv(18)(q21.1q22.3). Cytogenetic, fluorescent in situ hybridization, comparative genomic hybridization and DNA marker analyses allowed the delineation of the deleted (18q22.3-qter) and duplicated (18q12.1-q21.1) chromosomal regions in the recombinant chromosome 18, and suggest that this duplication-deletion chromosome 18 resulted from breakage of a dicentric recombinant chromosome 18 with subsequent reconstitution of telomeric sequences on the long arm. Marked variability is observed in the phenotypic expression of the same chromosomal anomaly in these monozygotic twins. The clinical findings of these patients are compared with those reported in proximal 18q-duplication and distal 18q-deletion patients. The clinical features of both infants are compatible with Noonan syndrome, suggesting that a locus for this syndrome may be located on the long arm of chromosome 18.