Biochimica et Biophysica Acta vol:1532 issue:1-2 pages:37-50
The enzymatic phosphorylation of sphingoid bases was analysed in rat tissues, using D-erythro-[4,5-(3)H]sphinganine as substrate. After optimisation of the assay, taking care to block sphingosine-phosphate lyase and sphingosine phosphatase, highest ATP-dependent kinase activities were present in testis, followed by kidney, and intestinal mucosa. Approximately two thirds of the kidney activity were membrane bound, the remaining being cytosolic. Classical cell fractionation studies of kidney and liver did not allow to identify unequivocally the subcellular site of the membrane bound kinase. Separation of a particulate fraction from kidney homogenates by Percoll gradient and sucrose density gradient centrifugation revealed that kinase activities are associated with vesicles derived from the endoplasmic reticulum and the plasma membrane. Based on indirect data, such as the effect of detergents and divalent ions, the cytosolic and both membrane bound activities appear to reside in different proteins. N,N-Dimethylsphingenine was inhibitory to all three different kinases, which were mainly active towards the D-erythro isomers of sphingenine and sphinganine.