Documenta ophthalmologica. Advances in ophthalmology vol:95 issue:3-4 pages:315-33
We determined the relative importance of electrode derivation, stimulus type, spatial frequency and contrast in determining the relative size of the late negative and early positive responses of motion elicited VEPs. Seven subjects aged 22-48 years with normal vision were tested binocularly. Motion onset and motion reversal were employed as modes of stimulus presentation. For both, pseudo-random one-dimensional noise patterns whose peak power was at 5.2, 2.6, 1.3, 0.325 and 0.1625 cycles per degree (cpd) were stimuli. Contrasts were 70% and 5%. Active electrodes were placed at Oz, 5 cm to the left of Oz, 5 cm to the right of Oz and a frontal midline position (Fpz) and referenced to linked mastoids. Transient motion reversal elicited a prominent positive response present in all subjects and at low contrasts. Motion onset VEPs have a complex waveform which may be either predominantly positive or negative. The most important variables in determining whether a prominent positivity or negativity is present in the motion onset VEP are the contrast and the spatial frequencies. Data such as these are first efforts in developing recommendations for the motion VEP.