Archives of Orthopaedic and Traumatic Surgery vol:98 issue:1 pages:51-56
Two retrieved Moore type hip prostheses of cast Co-Cr-Mo-alloy were examined after metallic failure.
The first case concerns a fatigue fracture in the stem of the prosthesis due to an abrupt change in the cross-sectional area and the presence of inappropriate welding beads in the stem. The abrupt change occurring at a transition from an I-beam into a rectangular profile gives rise to stress concentrations thus increasing chance of fatigue crack initiation.
The second case is a fracture of the hollow head of the prosthesis through a weld. The two parts of the cast femoral head were incompletely welded. Comparison with similar welds in other femoral heads of prostheses of the same type reveals a poor welding uniformity.
Hence, both fractures are associated with the welding process. A critical investigation is needed to find optimal welding conditions for Co-Cr-Mo-alloy prostheses.