Title: 'Honourable' behaviour and the conceptualisation of violence in ethnic-based organised crime groups: an examination of the Albanian Kanun and the Code of the Chinese Triads
Authors: Arsovska, Jana ×
Craig, Mark #
Issue Date: May-2006
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Series Title: Global Crime vol:7 issue:2 pages:214-256
Abstract: Within Albania and China and their respective diasporas, a history of extreme violence, both official and unofficial, is widely accepted but not easily understood from a Western perspective. Over the course of centuries both societies have experienced turmoil and in the 20th century spent decades under the disastrous communist dictatorships of Enver Hohxa (1944–1985) and Mao Zedong (1949–1976). Acts of organised/collective violence should be interpreted in their historical and cultural contexts. As both Albania and China underwent considerable internecine feuding, and all manners of deprivations and oppressions under the governance
and proclamations of their various rulers, it may not be surprising that their subjects became inured to violence. Violence is neither meaningless nor peculiar to China/Albania. One explanation arises from the continuing purchase of ancient codes of ‘extreme violence’. This paper describes two ancient instruments justifying ‘excessive violence’ that have continued to exist even today and directly link them to the violent behaviour of contemporary Albanian and Chinese organised crime groups. The paper will explore the historico-cultural origins of Albanian and
Chinese organised crime and their recent reputation as ‘ultra-violent’ actors. Specifically we examine the 15th century Albanian legal code known as the Kanun of Lek Dukagjini, and the 17th century code of the Chinese Hung Mun (Triad Society).
ISSN: 1744-0572
VABB publication type: VABB-1
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Institute of Criminal Law
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

Files in This Item:
File Description Status SizeFormat
FGLC_A_201342_O.pdfMain article Published 208KbAdobe PDFView/Open Request a copy

These files are only available to some KU Leuven Association staff members


All items in Lirias are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.