Boraschi, D × Villa, L Ghiara, P Tagliabue, A Mengozzi, M Solito, E Parente, L Silvestri, S Van Damme, Jozef Ghezzi, P #
European cytokine network vol:2 issue:1 pages:61-7
Human recombinant IL-1 beta was able to kill C3H/HeJ mice only when inoculated intravenously at very high doses. IL-1 beta, inoculated at 100 mg/kg i.v. as a bolus, induced a shock-like state characterized by anorexia, severe hypothermia and hypoglycemia and persistent neutrophilia, leading to death in 55% of animals generally between 24 and 48 h. In contrast, the noninflammatory adjuvant IL-1 beta peptide VQGEESNDK (position 163-171) did not induce any toxic effect in vivo, when administered following the same schedule. At variance with what was previously observed in endotoxin induced shock, IL-1 beta induced death was not preceded by appearance of circulating TNF. On the other hand, very high and persistent levels of circulating IL-6 could be detected after lethal IL-1 beta administration. Treatment of mice with ibuprofen or with chlorpromazine, both known to counteract some of the toxic effects of IL-1 in vivo, could protect from IL-1 beta induced mortality. Both drugs, at doses protecting from IL-1 beta induced death, were able to abolish IL-1 beta-induced rise of circulating phospholipase A2 (PLA2) activity, and the subsequent generation of toxic PLA2-derived metabolites.