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Title: Cytogenetic analysis of 39 prostate carcinomas and evaluation of short-term tissue culture techniques
Authors: König, J J ×
Teubel, W
Kamst, E
Romijn, J C
Schröder, F H
Hagemeijer-Hausman, Anne #
Issue Date: Mar-1998
Series Title: Cancer genetics and cytogenetics vol:101 issue:2 pages:116-22
Abstract: Karyotypic analysis was performed on 102 prostate cancer specimens which were obtained through radical prostatectomy, transurethral resection, or regional lymph node dissection. Short term tissue culture was applied in all cases. Of the media and growth factors evaluated, F12/DMEM, supplemented with 2% fetal calf serum, insulin, epidermal growth factor, hydrocortisone, and cholera toxin produced the largest increase of in vitro proliferation. Such in vitro cultured cells were all phenotypically acinar epithelial cells, the supposed targets for neoplastic transformation. Stromal cell growth appeared to be completely suppressed. Of the three culture techniques investigated, the method developed in Lund, Sweden, was the most successful: 11/15 cultures yielded metaphases and, in three of these, clonal aberrations were identified. All 39 karyotypes obtained essentially had a 46,XY karyotype with clonal aberrations (eight cases) and/or nonclonal aberrations (30 cases). Clonal structural aberrations involved 2p, 3q, 11p, 17p, and 21q. The clonal numerical aberrations found were: + 8, + dmin, and -Y. The most frequently observed nonclonal aberrations were 8p deletions (five cases) and loss of 6, 7, 8, 15, 17, 18, 21, and/or Y (> or = five cases). In summary, clonal aberrations were observed in 20% of the evaluable PC cell cultures, and nonclonal aberrations in 77%. So, although diploid cells without clonal abnormalities still had a growth advantage, under optimal conditions PC cells were able to proliferate in primary in vitro culture.
URI: 
ISSN: 0165-4608
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Clinical Genetics Section (-)
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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