The mitochondrial genome of Gyrodactylus salaris (Platyhelminthes : Monogenea), a pathogen of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar)
Huyse, Tine × Plaisance, L Webster, B. L Mo, T. A Bakke, T. A Bachmann, L Littlewood, D. T. J #
Cambridge univ press
Parasitology vol:134 pages:739-747
In the present study, we describe the complete mitochondrial (mt) genome of the Atlantic salmon parasite Gyrodactylus salaris, the first for any monogenean species. The circular genome is 14 790 bp in size. All of the 3 5 genes recognized from other flatworm mitochondrial genomes were identified, and they are transcribed from the same strand. The protein-coding and ribosomal RNA (rRNA) genes share the same gene arrangement as those published previously for neodermatan mt genomes (representing cestodes and digeneans only), and the genome has an overall A+T content of 65%. Three transfer RNA (tRNA) genes overlap with other genes, whereas the secondary structure of 3 tRNA genes lack the DHU arm and I tRNA gene lacks the TTC arm. Eighteen regions of non-coding DNA ranging from 4 to 112 bp in length, totalling 278 bp, were identified as well as 2 large non-coding regions (799 bp and 768 bp) that were almost identical to each other. The completion of the mt genome offers the opportunity of defining new molecular markers for studying evolutionary relationships within and among gyrodactylid species.