Title: Outcome of patients requiring valve surgery during active infective endocarditis
Authors: Hill, Evelyn
Herregods, Marie-Christine
Vanderschueren, Steven
Claus, Piet
Peetermans, Willy
Herijgers, Paul # ×
Issue Date: May-2008
Publisher: Elsevier Science
Series Title: Annals of Thoracic Surgery vol:85 issue:5 pages:1564-9
Abstract: BACKGROUND: The optimal timing of cardiac operations in patients with infective endocarditis continues to be debated. This observational study analyzed the profile and outcome of patients with active infective endocarditis undergoing operations. METHODS: Between June 2000 and June 2006, 95 surgically treated patients with definite infective endocarditis by the modified Duke criteria were included. RESULTS: Fifty-eight patients were operated on within the first 7 days after diagnosis of infective endocarditis and 37 at more than 7 days after diagnosis up to immediately after completion of antibiotic treatment. Staphylococci predominated and were significantly associated with embolism, abscess, and septic shock. The most frequent indication for operation was severe regurgitation with heart failure. The 6-month mortality was 15%. Early operation showed a trend towards increased mortality vs late operation. In univariable analysis, factors associated with 6-month mortality included staphylococci and septic shock. Multivariable analysis revealed that septic shock predicted 6-month mortality. Despite early operation in patients experiencing septic shock, 57% died. No patients without heart failure died after undergoing (early or late) procedures for severe regurgitation. CONCLUSIONS: The prognosis in surgically treated patients was determined by the occurrence of septic shock. The outcome in patients who underwent late operations was favorable compared with the early group. This difference was probably not due to the timing of the surgical intervention but to the severity of infective endocarditis. In patients with severe regurgitation without heart failure, early operation may offer benefit in length of hospitalization and prevention of development of new heart failure.
ISSN: 0003-4975
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Laboratory for Clinical Infectious and Inflammatory Disorders
Cardiovascular Imaging and Dynamics
Experimental Cardiac Surgery
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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