Title: Cognitive confidence in obsessive-compulsive disorder: Distrusting perception, attention and memory
Authors: Hermans, Dirk ×
Engelen, Ute
Grouwels, Luc
Joos, Els
Lemmens, Jos
Pieters, Guido #
Issue Date: Jan-2008
Series Title: Behaviour Research and Therapy vol:46 issue:1 pages:98-113
Abstract: Previous studies have established that obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is characterised by significant levels of distrust in memory (e.g. for actions). Ironically, this lowered confidence is at least in part due to repeated checking, which is assumed to lower perceptual processing and thereby reduces vividness and detail of the recollections. In a previous study, Hermans, D., Martens, K., De Cort, K., Pieters, G., and Eelen, P. [(2003). Reality monitoring and metacognitive beliefs related to cognitive confidence in OCD. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 41, 383-401] observed that OCD is not only characterised by reduced confidence in memory, but also by a similar distrust in attention (Hermans et al., 2003). The present study aimed at replicating and extending this finding. It was observed (a) that patients suffering from OCD showed less confidence in attention and memory than a clinical and a nonclinical control group; (b) that confidence in attention was uniquely related to checking behaviour, and (c) that repeated checking caused increased levels of distrust in attention. In addition, it was observed that cognitive distrust while performing OCD-related actions not only extends to attention, but also to perception. It is argued that research on metacognition in OCD should move beyond the study of memory.
ISSN: 0005-7967
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:University Centre Sint Jozef (-)
Centre for Psychology of Learning and Experimental Psychopathology
Research Group Psychiatry
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

Files in This Item:

There are no files associated with this item.

Request a copy


All items in Lirias are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.

© Web of science