Conference of the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Erziehungswissenschaften location:Frankfurt: University of Frankfurt date:22 March 2006
This paper wil contend that VET (vocational education and training) and HE in many European countries have certainly been put on the same track because of processes of globalisation and Europeanisation but that divergences in national VET and HE systems are undeniable. The reasons of these differences can be found in the political, economic, cultural, and technologica) differences that prevail across Europe. First, we will describe some processes that emerge together with globalisation, influence it, or are influenced by it. Second, we will analyse factors that stimulate convergence, like the EU, other intemational programmes and policy, the impact of neo-liberal values, changes of the labour market (demand for higher flexibility and other types of skills), technology (ICT), the educational systems and the place of VET in these systems (including openness to continuing vocational training), the curriculum and quality assurance systems, and so on. Third, we will show how VET and HE are still characterized by many divides in spite of the unifying influence of globalisation. We wilt present the cases of Finland and Portugal to illustrate this point.