Journal of The Marine Biological Association of The United Kingdom vol:83 issue:5 pages:1143-1149
Samples of the widely distributed sand goby Pomatoschistus minutus have been investigated genetically from ten localities in the north-eastern Atlantic, North Sea, western Mediterranean and Adriatic Sea. Levels of genetic diversity and differentiation were assessed with starch (SGE) and cellulose acetate (CAGE) gel electrophoresis for 13 enzyme systems. Genetic differentiation between spatial samples points to a reduction or even absence of gene flow between the Adriatic and the other samples, including the western Mediterranean Sea (pair-wise F-ST=0.37 and 0.32 for SGE and CAGE respectively). The sample from the Adriatic Sea was clearly differentiated from the other samples at the lactate dehydrogenase loci LDH-A* (SGE and CAGE) and LDH-C* (CAGE). Values for genetic differentiation between Venetian and other sand gobies were of the same order of magnitude as between P. minutus and its closest relative P. lozanoi suggesting allopatric speciation in the lagoon of Venice. At locations outside the Adriatic Sea, the sand goby has the typical features of a marine fish with a high level of gene flow and a low degree of genetic differentiation.